January 27
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Anjum Shabbir
Anjum Shabbir
27th January 2020
Internal Market Justice & Litigation

Analysis: “Advocate General suggests the Court of Justice uphold its stance on the qualification of Giudici di Pace as judges within the meaning of Article 267 TFEU and deem them ‘workers’ under EU law” by Daniele Gallo

Four days ago, AG Kokott delivered an Opinion in UX (C‑658/18) on the status of magistrates (Giudici di Pace) from the standpoint of EU law.

The request has been made by the Giudice di Pace di Bologna as the result of an application submitted to a judge of that type for an order directing the Italian Government to pay damages to the applicant, a Giudice di Pace who has completed 14 years of service, for infringement of Articles 1(3) and 7 of the Working Time Directive 2003/88/EC and Clauses 2 and 4(1), (2) and (4) of the Framework Agreement on Fixed-Term Work approved by Directive 1999/70/EC.

The request touches upon three main issues: the first two concern the magistrates in particular, while the third is relevant for the


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