Analysis: “Article 47 of the Charter calls for a stricter framing of national procedural law in proceedings relating to visa refusals” by Silvia Bartolini
Last Tuesday, the Grand Chamber of the Court of Justice delivered its much-awaited ruling in R.N.N.S & K.A. (Joined cases C-225/19 and C-226/19) on the role of Article 47 of the Charter in administrative proceedings relating to visa refusal.
It is true that under the Visa Code it is up to the Member States to set out the nature and specific conditions concerning remedies for visa applicants, they however have to guarantee that their procedural rules allow those applicants to exercise their right to an effective remedy. Whether or not a remedy is effective has to be determined in accordance with Article 47 of the Charter.
In R.N.N.S & K. A., the Court of Justice holds that national procedural rules allowing for the r